All posts by Marc Calvini-Lefebvre

Notre programme 2020: save the dates!

L’année 2020 va être l’occasion pour le programme ”résistance de femmes au féminisme” de poursuivre son association avec la Cité du Livre, d’organiser un deuxième colloque sur l’anti-féminisme des femmes aux USA, un deuxième séminaire sur la linguistique, et de commémorer à sa manière les centenaires du suffrage au Royaume-Uni (1918) et aux USA (1920) à travers notamment une conférence-débat grand public et un colloque scientifique. Nous espérons que vous viendrez échanger avec nous lors de ces évènements!

13 février: “Les résistances de femmes au féminisme aux Etats-Unis et en Grande-Bretagne”, Table Ronde à la Journée de rencontre scientifique enseignants/enseignants-chercheurs du LERMA, 11h30-12h15 (évènement sur réservation)

17 février: réunion de travail interne

12 mars: Présentation du film Suffragettes, Institut de l’image, Aix-en-Provence, 14h 

12 mars: “100 ans de sisterhood – femmes et droit de vote aux Etats-Unis et au Royaume-Uni: luttes, espoirs, mémoires”, Table Ronde à la Cité du Livre, Aix-en-Provence, 18h

18 mars: Séminaire Charlotte Brewer, “Province of the fair sex”?: language, gender and dictionaries, Salle 2.41, Maison de la Recherche, Campus Schuman, Aix-en-Provence, Aix-Marseille Université

3-4 avril: “Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the USA since the 19th century”, colloque international, Salle de colloque 1, Maison de la Recherche, Campus Schuman, Aix-en-Provence, Aix-Marseille Université

12-13 mai: “Sites of Feminist Memory: remembering suffrage in Europe and the United States of America”, colloque international, Salle de colloque 1, Maison de la Recherche, Campus Schuman, Aix-en-Provence, Aix-Marseille Université

juin 2020: Mastériales des études genre au LERMA (watch this space!)

Programme: Women’s resistance to feminism(s) in the usa, 19th-21st centuries (3-4 Avril 2020)

Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the USA, 19 th -21 centuries
3-4 Avril 2020

Vendredi 3 avril 2020
9h00: Ouverture de la journée
9h30-10h30 Conférence inaugurale/Keynote: Ronnee Schreiber (San Diego State University)

10h30-11h00 : Pause

11h-12h15 : Anti suffragism and Antifeminism
Chair: Claire Sorin
– Rachel Nolan (University of Manchester): ““The Anti on the Cartwheel”: Charlotte Perkins
Gilman’s war against antifeminism, then and now”
– Katharina Vester (American University, Washington D.C): “ “An Appeal to American
Women”: Discussions of Antisuffragism in Late 19th century Cookbooks”

12h15-14h00 : déjeuner

14h00-16h30 : Session jeune recherche /Early career research
Chair : Marc Calvini-Lefebvre
-Amélie Ribieras : (Université Sorbonne-Nouvelle) Resisting Feminism through Discourse : a
Framing Analysis of Phyllis Schafly’s Rhetoric
-Delphine Beaujon (Université de Lorraine)“Using women’s voices to reframe the anti-
abortion discourse: Unplanned and Abby Johnson as the new pro-life weapons of the anti-
abortion movement”
-Kasparian Méline (ENS Lyon) : A Kitchen of their Own : Alternatives to mainstream
femininsm in Contemporary Chicana writings”
-Mariya Nikolova (Potsdam University): “The Limits of Risk in Kathy Acker’s Kathy Goes to
Haiti »

Samedi 4 avril 2020
Contemporary forms of resistance to feminism
Chairs: Nicolas Boileau/Claire Sorin

-Jill Drouillard (East Tennessee University): “Gender Critical Feminism as a Form of
Resistance to Feminism”
-Cécile Coquet-Mokoko (Université Versailles-St Quentin) “Black Feminism and White
Feminism: An Impossible Dialog?”
-Eleonore Cartellier (Université Grenoble-Alpes) : « 21st-Century anti Feminists »
-Marion Douzou (Université Lyon 2) “The Julia Learns Children series and #1972 : a case
study of antifeminism in the Tea Party galaxy”.
-Fatma Ramdani (Université de Lille): “Fighting Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights:
Trumpism at work at the United Nations”

13h-14h: déjeuner

14h-16h: Table ronde

CFP – Sites of feminist memory conference (12-13 May 2020)

Sites of Feminist Memory:

Remembering suffrage in Europe and the United States of America

Conference dates: 12-13 May 2020


Keynote speaker:

Dr Sharon Crozier-de Rosa (University of Wollongong), co-author of Remembering Women’s Activism, Routledge, 2019.


On April 24th 2018, suffragist leader Millicent Garrett Fawcett became the first woman to be honoured with a permanent statue in Parliament Square, one hundred and eighty six years after George Canning, the first of her 11 male predecessors[1]. The unveiling was the culmination of a two-year campaign initiated by activist Caroline Criado Perez. The choice of Fawcett sparked vigorous debate amongst activists and academics alike[2]. Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, the coming centenary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment has inspired #Monumental Women, a grassroots organization, to mount a campaign for the commissioning of a statue honouring the suffrage leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. This campaign also triggered vigorous accusations that the monument would “white wash” the suffrage past, accusations which resulted in the decision to add the African-American leader Sojourner Truth to the monument[3]. Its unveiling is planned for August 26, 2020 in Central Park, New York. Like Fawcett’s, it will be the first statue of its kind in this most prestigious of public spaces.

These spectacular enshrinements of leading suffrage campaigners in such quintessential sites of national memory can be read as a form of apotheosis for a process begun by the suffrage campaigners themselves to inscribe the suffrage past into our built environments via statues and street names, commemorative plaques and memorial monuments, community cafés and communal libraries[4]. Building on the very recent work of Vera Mackie and Sharon Crozier-de Rosa[5], interrogating the history and effects of that process of creation of literal ”Sites of Feminist Memory”[6], across Europe and the United States, in local, national and transnational settings, will be a central ambition of this conference. We thus invite papers which focus on such literal sites of feminist memory in Europe and the United States and fruitfully engage with the following themes:

  • Where and why have literal sites of feminist memory appeared?
  • What is their relation to surrounding “lieux de mémoires”[7]and to “national” collective memory?
  • Does the creation of these sites borrow from existing traditions of site-creation or is there anything distinctly “feminist” about this process?
  • Are there only “national” or “local” sites of feminist memory or can transnational sites be identified?
  • What effects on collective understandings of “feminism” and the “feminist” past do these sites have, if any?
  • What consequences did/do they have on feminists’ collective memory?
  • How did they shape feminist identities at the time of their creation?
  • How do they shape them now, if at all?
  • What affects are associated with these sites?
  • How stable are the meanings attached to these sites over time?

The other ambition of this conference will be to ponder the more general question of the place of the suffrage past in what Maria Grever has called the ”Pantheon of Feminist Culture”[8]. She meant by this a loose and evolving collection of ”sites of memory” in the sense of Pierre Nora, that is a set of ”leaders, historical events, monuments, rituals, symbols, images, founding texts and historiography”[9] which become iconic and are drawn on by feminists to justify their struggles and identities to themselves, to each other and to their enemies[10]. As the controversies surrounding the statues in London and New York have highlighted, the suffrage past’s place in that Pantheon is hotly contested. Here, we welcome papers which focus on specific suffrage leaders, events, texts, symbols, and images as contested ”sites of feminist memory” in Europe and the United States and which explore some of the following themes:

  • How have these sites of feminist memory emerged?
  • What has been at stake in their memorialisation?
  • How has historical research contributed to or undermined memorial narratives about these sites?
  • Has the place of these sites in the Pantheon of Feminist Culture remained constant or ebbed and flowed? And why?
  • Can transnational sites be identified? Or are these inescapably national?
  • What affects are associated with these sites and their contestation?

It is envisaged that the conference will result in a publication and the constitution of a research network with a view to bidding for international, particularly European, funding.

Please send a 300 word abstract in English to Marc Calvini-Lefebvre ( and Claire Sorin ( by 19 February 2020.

Notification of acceptance will be given by 01 March 2020.

This conference is organised by the Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherche sur le Monde Anglophone (LERMA) of Aix-Marseille Université and supported by the Aix-Marseille Initiative d’Excellence (A*MIDEX)

[1] A statue commemorating the suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was erected in 1930 in Victoria Tower Gardens which run alongside the Houses of Parliament but do not face them as does Parliament Square.

[2] e.g. Rachel Holmes, ”A new feminist statue is a great idea. Shame they picked the wrong feminist”, The Guardian, April 14, 2017

[3] Martha Jones, “How New York’s new monument whitewashes the women’s rights movement,” The Washington Post, March 22, 2019

[4] Hilda Kean, ‘Searching for the Past in Present Defeat:The Construction of Historical and Political Identity in British Feminism in the 1920s and 1930s’, Women’s History Review 3, no. 1 (1994): 57–80; Hilda Kean, ‘Public History and Popular Memory: Issues in the Commemoration of the British Militant Suffrage Campaign’, Women’s History Review 14, no. 3 & 4 (2005): 581–602; Laura E. Nym Mayhall, ‘Creating the “Suffragette Spirit”: British Feminism and the Historical Imagination’, Women’s History Review 4, no. 3 (1995): 319–44.

[5] Sharon Crozier-De Rosa, Remembering Women’s Activism (London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019), especially chapter 1.

[6] Maria Grever, ‘Rivals in Historical Remembrance: Wollstonecraft and Holy Women as “Loci” of Feminist Memory’, The European Journal of Women’s Studies 3 (1996): 101–13.

[7] Pierre Nora, ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire’, Representations, no. 26 (1989): 7–24,

[8] Maria Grever, ‘The Pantheon of Feminist Culture: Women’s Movements and the Organization of Memory’, Gender & History 9, no. 2 (August 1997).

[9] Ibid, p. 101

[10] Lisa Tetrault, Myth of Seneca Falls: Memory and the Women’s Suffrage Movement, 1848-1898 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014); Marc Calvini-Lefebvre, ‘The Great War in the History of British Feminism: Debates and Controversies, 1914 to the Present’, Revue Française de Civilisation Britannique [Online] XX, no. 1 (2015),

CfP – Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the USA since the 19th Century

Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the United States since the 19th century

Aix-Marseille University, France, April 3-4, 2020 


“The frivolous objections some women made to our appeals were as exasperating as they were ridiculous”

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Eighty Years and More


From the 1911 National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage to Phyllis Schlafly’s “STOP-ERA” campaign in the 1980s and governor Kay Ivey’s recent signing into law of House Bill 314 criminalizing abortion in Alabama, women have played a prominent role in opposing feminism in the US. Yet these visible forms of anti feminism are but the tips of a much larger iceberg of women’s resistance to feminism that this two-day conference, organized by the “Women and the F-Word” team (, proposes to explore.  

The notion of women’s resistance to feminism includes—but is not reduced to—organized antifeminism, a countermovement which has been the object of pioneering work (A. Dworkin, Right Wing Women, 1983, T. Jablonsky, The Home, Heaven, and Mother Party, 1994, S. Marshall, Splintered Sisterhood, 1997). Resistance is understood as a broad set of negative reactions experienced and/or expressed by women or groups of women when they are faced with self-styled feminist behaviors, ideas or actions. As feminism is conceived as a flexible and evolving ideology, which the plural “feminisms” more adequately reflects, the modes and mechanisms of resistance will be examined from a diachronic and dialogical perspective that always takes into account the particular historical moment.


This interdisciplinary conference means to bring together contributions shedding light on the specific features of women’s resistance to feminisms in the United States since the 19th century. 


Papers addressing the following issues will be welcome:

-How did/do women perceive the first women’s rights advocates?

-What precise term initially triggers resistance?: Rights? Suffragism?  Feminism? Modern/Radical feminism? White? Elite? Abortion? Etc.. 

– How do women (de)construct their own (non) feminism through those terms? 

-What sort of discourses/actions did/do they produce or perform and how did/do they spread them?

-How did/do women evolve from a position of “feminist” to “anti “or “non feminist”?

-How did/do they (re)negotiate their identification to womanhood? 

-How important are the binaries feminism/femininity, feminism/individualism ?

-How does intersectionality shape resistance and how, in turn, does resistance strengthen intersectional identities? 

-How did/do women contest the boundaries of mainstream feminism?

-How does globalization affect the mechanisms of resistance?

-Are there cases of transnational resistance?

-How has resistance evolved over the centuries? (persistence and change)

-How does women’s resistance impact feminism? 

-Can indifference be considered a form of resistance?


Please send a 300- word abstract and a brief bio to :, and


Place and date of the conference: 

Aix-Marseille University

29 avenue Robert Schuman

13621 Aix-en-Provence


April 3-4 2020


Keynote Address : Dr Ronnee Schreiber (San Diego State University), author of Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics (OUP, 2008)

“Comment penser les resistances de femmes au feminisme? 2.0” (05/06/19)

La très riche journée d’études consacrée à cette question en novembre 2016 autour de l’historienne Christine Bard (Université d’Angers), la sociologue Sylvette Denèfle (Université de Tours), la philosophe politique Hélène Thomas (Aix-Marseille Université) et le spécialiste de littérature Frédéric Regard (Université Paris Sorbonne) connaîtra une suite le 05/06 prochain à la Maison de la Recherche au 29 Avenue Schuman en salle 2.44 entre 9h et midi.

Nous aurons le plaisir d’entendre Lola Girerd (Paris Descartes), doctorante en psychologie sociale, Margaret Gillespie (Université de Franche-Comté), spécialiste de littérature britannique, et Julie Abbou (Aix-Marseille Université), docteure en linguistique. Leurs interventions successives portent les titres suivants:

  • 9h-10h: “Résistance de femmes au féminisme: le rôle de l’idéologie néolibérale”
  • 10h-11h: “L’antiféminisme chez les romanicères britanniques du 19e siècle”
  • 11h-12h: “De la variable à la constitution de sujets politiques: les études genre et le langage peuvent-elles analyser les discours féminins?”

Nous espérons vous y retrouver nombreuses/eux!

Programme of our study day: Women’s antifeminism in the usa, 19th-21st centuries (23/03)

Our study day on 23 March 2019 is fast approaching! We look forward to welcoming you in the “Salle de Colloque 1” of the “Bâtiment Multimédia” from 9AM to 4PM. Here is the list of speakers and titles to whet your appetites…

9:15-10:00: Hélène Quanquin (Université de Lille) : « Catharine Beecher’s An Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism, with Reference to the Duty of American Females (1837), or Resisting Women’s Rights in the Age of Abolitionism »

10:00-10:45: Claire Sorin (Aix-Marseille University) : « A Woman Speaks against Suffrage : The Debate over Women’s Rights in Brother Jonathan, 1843 »

11:15-12:00: Claire Delahaye (Université Paris Est/Marne la Vallée) : « Resistance to Feminism and the Daughters of the American Revolution »

14:00-14:45: Cécile Coquet-Mokoko (Université de Tours) : « Black Feminism : a Form of Resistance to Feminism ? »

14:45-15:30: Annie Kelly (University of East Anglia) : « All Women are like that : the Tricky Performance of Womanhood in the Digital Antifeminist Sphere »

Seminar: “Gender, Language and discourse: theory and practice” by Lia Litosseliti (07/03)

The Women and the F-Word team is thrilled to announce its first seminar exploring the question of women’s resistance to feminism from the perspective of linguistics.

We are honoured to host Dr Lia Litosseliti from City, University of London, whose talk is entitled “Gender, Language and Discourse: Theory and Practice“.

The event will take place from 10:30 to 12:30 on Thursday, March 7th 2019 in room 2.44 of the Maison de la Recherche on the Schuman campus of Aix-Marseille University.

We look forward to seeing you there!

“women & the f-word” à la cite du livre (5-7/03/19)

Nous sommes très heureux de renouveler notre partenariat avec la Cité du Livre à l’occasion des évènements qu’elle organise autour du 8 Mars, Journée Internationale du Droit des Femmes.

Vous pourrez nous retrouver les 5, 6, et 7 mars à partir de 18h à la Cité du Livre, dans l’espace Jules Isaac

Le 5 mars, Claire Sorin parlera de l'”Itinéraire d’une Américaine atypique: Eliza Farnham (1815-1864), la féminité et le mouvement pour les droits des femmes”

Le 6 mars, Nicolas Boileau analysera le roman de Rachel Cusk, “Contrecoup: un divorce synonyme d’une remise en question des idéaux du moi”

Le 7 mars, Morgane Julia, étudiante en Master 2, présentera son travail effectué sous la direction de Marc Calvini-Lefebvre sur les “Voix féminines de l’anti-féminisme au Royaume-Uni au tournant du vingtième siècle”.

Nous espérons vous retrouver nombreuses/eux!

Le programme complet est téléchargeable ci-dessous

“women & the f-word” participe aux “jeudi du genre” d’amu (07/02/19)

Le cas Pocahontas : une exploration du statut réel, symbolique et imaginaire des femmes indiennes de l’Amérique de Andrew Jackson à celle de Donald Trump,par Hélène THOMAS LTD, FDSP, lauréate de la pépinière d’excellence A*MIDEX «JUSDEMOS: Repenser les modèles de justice et le droit ds minorités en démocratie », 2018).

Comment penser les résistances de femmes au féminisme ?Tentative de synthèse inter-disciplinaire, par Marc CALVINI-LEFEBVRE (LERMA, ALLSH, lauréat de la pépinière d’excellence « Women and the F-Word. Exploring women’s resistance to feminism in the English-speaking world, 19th to 21st centuries » 2018).

Modération : Susanne BÖHMISCH (ECHANGES, ALLSH)Responsable du séminaire: Susanne Böhmisch (ECHANGES)

En présence de Estelle Ferrarese, co-directrice de Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique – Institut du Genre

Lieu: Maison de la Recherche, salle 2.44

Notre programme 2019: venez nombreuses (et nombreux)!

C’est une année riche qui s’annonce pour le programme “résistance de femmes au féminisme” en 2019, notamment grâce au finacement que nous avons reçu de la fondation AMIDEX. Voici notre calendrier: nous espérons vous retrouver nombreuses et nombreux à ces évènements!

7 Février: Jeudi du Genre AMU – “Genre et Servitude Volontaire” avec la participation de l’Institut du Genre (Maison de la Recherche, 14-16h)

  • Hélène Thomas: Le cas Pocahontas
  • Marc Calvini-Lefebvre: Comment penser les résistances de femmes au féminisme ? Tentative de synthèse inter-disciplinaire

6-8 Mars: Cycle de conférences à la Cité du Livre, à partir de 18h

  • 6 Mars: Claire Sorin, Itinéraire d’une Américaine atypique: Eliza Farnham (1815-1864), la féminité et le mouvement pour les droits des femmes
  • 7 Mars: Nicolas Boileau, Contrecoup de Rachel Cusk : à l’épreuve du féminisme
  • 8 Mars: Morgane Julia, Voix féminines de l’anti-féminisme au Royaume-Uni au tournant du vingtième siècle

7 Mars: Séminaire de recherche

Lia Litosseliti (City, University of London): “Gender, Language and Discourse: Theory and Practice”

10h30-12h30, salle 2.44, Maison de la Recherche

23 Mars: Journée d’Etudes sur les femmes anti-féministes aux Etats-Unis (Salle de Colloque 2, Batiment Multimédia, Campus Schuman, AMU)

Avec la participation de Cécile Coquet (Tours), Claire Delahaye (UPEM), Annie Kelly (University of East Anglia), Claire Sorin (AMU) et Hélène Quanquin (Lille)

5 Avril: Présentation de notre projet à Lille dans le cadre du séminaire “Penser le genre dans les études anglophones” organisé par Hélène Quanquin et Fatma Ramdani

11 Avril: Séminaire annuel LERMA-TELEMME, Maison Méditerannéenne des Sciences de l’Homme, salle numéro 2, 15-17h

Marc Calvini-Lefebvre, Penser les résistances de femmes au féminisme : tentative de synthèse

6-8 Juin: Ateliers de la Société Anglophone des Etudes sur le Genre et les Femmes (SAGEF) au Congrès de la Société des Anglicistes de l’Enseignement Supérieur (SAES) à Aix-en-Provence sur le thème de “l’exception”

  • Claire Sorin: Eliza Farnham: une féministe exceptionnelle?
  • Nicolas Boileau: ‘Books and stockings. The combination is very odd.’ Night and Day as Woolf’s Exploration of Exceptional Combinations
  • Marc Calvini-Lefebvre: La notion d’exception aide-t-elle à penser la résistance de femmes au féminisme?

A wonderful workshop

We had the privilege, on 26 September, of hosting a scientific networking workshop thanks to the support of the AMIDEX foundation. Our guests were, in alphabetical order:

  • Sharon Crozier-De Rosa from the University of Wollongong
  • Claire Delahaye from Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée
  • Christina Scharff from King’s College London
  • Laura Schwartz from the University of Warwick

Over the course of two extremely rich meetings, they reviewed our program’s progress to date and explored with us possible avenues for future work and collaboration.

So watch this space for a haunting announcement in a few months time…

Notre projet lauréat de l’appel à projet “Pépinière d’Excellence” de l’Institut d’Excellence d’Aix-Marseille Université (AMIDEX)

L’équipe de “Women and the F-Word” fait partie des 17 lauréats de l’appel à projet “Pépinière d’Excellence de l’Amidex.

Ce soutien va nous permettre d’envisager des collaborations approfondies avec nos collègues de la Maison de la Recherche et de nouer des partenariats internationaux. C’est une nouvelle étape de notre réflexion qui s’ouvre! Watch this space!

Save the dates!

Après une année britannique (2015-2016 avec Julie Gottlieb, Florence Binard et Lucy Delap) et une année états-unienne (2016-2017 avec Claire Delahaye, Hélène Quanquin et Sébastien Mort), entrecoupées de deux journées d’études, l’une épistémologique (2016), l’autre thématique (sur Viriginia Woolf – 2017), le programme “Horizon” entame un cycle de diffusion de la culture scientifique en 2017-2018.

Venez nous retrouver à la Cité du Livre d’Aix-en-Provence pour trois conférences dans le cadre du cycle “Portraits de Femmes” (téléchargez le programme complet de ce cycle en suivant ce lien):


  • 6 Mars, 18h: “Naissance du mouvement pour les droits des femmes aux Etats-Unis”
  • 8 Mars, 18h: “Portraits d’une femme: Virginia Woolf au pluriel”
  • 10 Mars, 18h: “Penser les résistances de femmes au féminisme dans le monde anglophone”


Nous espérons aussi vous voir nombreuses/eux à la librairie Book in Bar le 5 avril à 17h30 pour la présentation par l’historienne Britannique Jill Liddington de sa grande étude, enfin traduite en français, One hand tied behind us: the rise of the women’s suffrage movement.


A bientôt!