Digital humanities, citizen science and feminist history: the promise and limits of digital mapping (30/06/2022)

The Women and the F-word team are capping off the academic year with a roundtable discussion about digital mapping between Lucy Delap (University of Cambridge), Sarah Richardson (University of Warwick) and Marc Calvini-Lefebvre (AMU).  Lucy, Sarah and Marc are respectively involved with the following projects mapping feminist history:

To hear about their projects and listen to their exchange, please join us in room 2.44 of the Maison de la Recherche on Aix-Marseille University’s Schuman Campus between 4:30 and 6:30 PM (Paris time) on Thursday 30 June 2022.

The forum can also be followed on zoom. Please email feministmemory@gmail.com to receive the link.

Six Weeks for suffrage: thank you to all contributors

The Women and the F-Word team’s Six Weeks for Suffrage campaign came to an end this week. We are pleased to report that our Map of Memorials to the Women’s Suffrage Movement, which had roughly 30 entries at the start of the academic year, now has more than 60. 
 
This result would not have been possible without the suggestions we received from contributors around the world. So our most heartfelt thanks to Salomé André, Tanya Bailey, Amélie Bardivia, Karine Bigand, Samantha Borry, Melanie Goan, Florence Kaczorowski, Vera Mackie, Katey Watson and Monica Webb for your brilliant contributions to this project (some of which we are still working through – so watch this space!).
 
Though this year’s Six Weeks for Suffrage campaign has ended, our work does not – so please continue sending us your suggestions and spread the word to anyone who may be interested!
 
A reminder of how to follow and get in touch:
 
With best wishes,
 
Marc Calvini-Lefebvre & Alice Foulquier

Citizen science campaign: Six weeks for suffrage!

This International Women’s Day, the Women and the F-Word team at Aix-Marseille Université is launching its second “Six Weeks for Suffrage” citizen science campaign! Between the 8th of March and 12th of April, we are inviting anyone interested to come help us fill in our Map of Memorials to the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Thanks to your help, we’ve already managed to geolocate over forty sites across the globe. There are many, many more – we hope you’ll help us find them!

To find out more on how to take part, please follow this link: how do I take part?

We update the map weekly: follow our progress on Twitter and/or Instagram.

Please spread the word widely!

Save the dates! Notre Programme 2020-2021

Après trois années très riches de travail dans le cadre du financement “Pépinière d’Excellence” de l’AMIDEX, notre équipe s’agrandit cette année avec l’arrivée d’une nouvelle collègue, Laura Benoit: bienvenue Laura!

En 2021-2022, nous poursuivons sur notre lancée, avec un mélange de séminaires, de workshop et d’évènements contribuant à la diffusion de la culture scientifique. Nous espérons vous y retrouver nombreux/euses!

  • 24 septembre : Marc Calvini-Lefebvre parlera de notre projet de carte collaborative sur les lieux de mémoire du suffragisme sur Radio Grenouille dans le cadre de la Nuit Européenne des Chercheurs
  • 11 octobre : Marc Calvini-Lefebvre présentera le bilan du financement  “Pépinière d’Excellence” d’AMIDEX lors de la Journée de Rentrée de notre laboratoire, le LERMA (évènement fermé au public)
  • 15-17 octobre : Nous serons présent.e.s à la Fête du Livre de la Méjanes, qui reçoit cette année l’autrice Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
  • 18 octobre : Nicolas Boileau présidera un séminaire intitulé Woolf in/and the Archives en Salle de Colloque 2. Nous entendrons une intervention conjointe de Monica Latham (Université de Nancy) et Frédérique Amselle (Université de Valenciennes) et une intervention de Helen Southworth (University of Oregon, Visiting Scholar du LERMA en octobre-novembre).
  • 29 novembre: Marc Calvini-Lefebvre présidera un séminaire en distanciel avec James Keating (University of New South Wales), “Canonising Dora Meeson Coates’ suffrage banner: Unravelling and erasing Australasia’s feminist past in the late twentieth century”, 9-10h. Le lien zoom sera communiqué ultèrieurement
  • 7 février: Laura Benoit et Marc Calvini-Lefebvre participeront, entre 14h et 17h, au séminaire “Les femmes entre assujettissement et empowerment” organisé par une équipe de doctorant.e.s de la Maison de la Recherche, lauréate de la fédération CRISIS pour leur projet de cycle de séminaires interdisciplinaires portant sur le genre en Sciences Humaines et Sociales. Laura Benoit interviendra sur le thème “Représentations des corps et des expériences féminines dans les séries télévisées britanniques : de l’assujettissement à l’exploration émancipatrice” et Marc Calvini-Lefebvre sur le thème “Comment penser les résistances de femmes au féminisme : les études de genre à la croisée des disciplines”.
  • Mars : Claire Sorin coordonera, comme chaque année, notre participation aux cycles d’événements organisés par la Cité du Livre autour de la journée internationale des droits des femmes.
  • Juin : Laura Benoit organisera un workshop sur le thème de Editing Feminism: Resisting, Fostering and Marketing Feminisms in TV Series

Slow E-Conference programme: sites of feminist memory – Remembering suffrage in Europe and the United states of america

 


Sites of Feminist Memory: Remembering Suffrage in Europe and the United States of America


Phase 1: 7 May – 7 June 2021

Phase 2: 8-11 June 2021

This is a slow e-conference.

In phase 1, attendees are invited to read, listen and watch the papers listed below and post comments & questions for speakers in the comments section of each panel.

In phase 2, speakers will answer those comments and questions in a series of live Zoom sessions (times and dates for these can be found below).

If you wish to attend the conference, please email us at feministmemory@gmail.com by 5 May 2021. The link to the conference website  will be sent out on  6 May 2021.


CONFERENCE PROGRAMME


KEYNOTE


Sharon Crozier-De Rosa (University of Wollongong): “‘Dead Women Can’t Vote’: Contesting Consent when (Mis)Remembering Suffragists”

Live on Zoom on Tuesday June 8th, 2021 – 9.00-10.00 A.M Paris time


PANEL 1

Making feminist memory: the politics of remembering suffrage


Part 1: Tuesday, June 8, 2021

4.00-5.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Marc Calvini-Lefebvre

Mariah Gruner (Boston University): “Folded into the Archive: racialized textile labors and the work of suffrage remembrance”

Lisa M Tetrault (Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania): “Susan B. Anthony down the racist rabbit hole: a journey into the bizarre”


Part 2: Wednesday, June 9, 2021

3.00-4.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Nicolas Boileau

Liviana Gazzetta (Independent Scholar): “Une saison de mémoire du premier féminisme italien (1869-1882): hétérogenèse du message”

Mariana Ripoll-Fonollar (University of the Balearic Islands): “Romance as historiography: at the crossroads of commemoration and commodification”


PANEL 2

Hegemonic memorial practices: sites of suffrage memory at/in/and the centre


Part 1: Wednesday, June 9, 2021

4.30-5.30 P.M Paris time

Chair: Nicolas Boileau

Veronica Wilson (University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown): “The memorial reinvention of Susan Lawrence Dana”

Claire Delahaye (Université Gustave Eiffel): “‘A museum and a laboratory of feminism’: The National Woman’s Party Headquarters in Washington, D.C.”


Part 2: Thursday, June 10, 2021

3.00-4.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Anne Légier

Seda Arikan (Fırat University, Turkey) & Omer Erkut Bulut (King’s College, London): “A feminist site that is ruined and polished: Halide Edib Adivar and her disputed bust in Turkish history”

Günül Bakay (Bahçeşehir University İstanbul): “Sites of Feminist Memory:  Florence Nightingale in Turkey”


PANEL 3

Counter-hegemonic memorial practices: creating alternative sites of suffrage memory to resist erasure


Part 1: Thursday June 10, 2021

4.30-5.30 P.M Paris time

Chair: Anne Légier

Angela Shpolgerg (Brandeis University): “Memorializing Emma Goldman”

Clara Vlessing (Utrecht University): “Context upheld: the digital and local premeditations of a Sylvia Pankhurst Mural”


Part 2: Friday June 11, 2021

3.00-4.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Claire Sorin

Ana Maria Alves & Cláudia Martins (Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal): “Women’s vindication in Portugal: Carolina Beatriz Ângelo a pioneer in surgery and in voting”

Nicole Cadène (Aix-Marseille Université): “Pas de statue pour Hubertine”


PANEL 4

Remembering to fight: Mobilizing suffrage memory in mass movement politics


Friday June 11, 2021

4.30-5.30 P.M Paris time

Chair: Claire Sorin 

Einav Rabinovitch-Fox (Case Western Reserve University) : “The body as a site of memory: the uses and legacy of suffrage fashion”

Barbara Winslow (Brooklyn College/CUNY) “On the Shirley Chisholm Trail: the Legacy of Suffrage and Citizenship Engagement”

Slow E-Conference Programme: Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the USA, 19th-21st CEnturies

Women’s Resistance to Feminism(s) in the USA, 19th -21st Centuries

Phase 1: 1-30 March

Phase 2: April 1-3 2021

This is a slow e-conference.

In phase 1, attendees are invited to read, listen and watch the papers listed below and post comments & questions for speakers in the comments section of each panel.

In phase 2, speakers will answer those comments and questions in a series of live Zoom sessions (times and dates for these can be found below).

If you wish to attend the conference, please email us at wrf.usa.conf@gmail.com by 26 February 2021 and we will send you the link to the conference website.

CONFERENCE PROGRAM 

KEYNOTE

Ronnee Schreiber

San Diego State University

Live on Zoom on Thursday April, 2021

                5.00 P.M Paris time

PANEL 1

Antisuffragism and Antifeminism

Thursday April 1, 2021

3.00-3.45 P.M Paris time

Chair: Claire Sorin

 Katharina Vester (American University, Washington D.C): “An Appeal to American
Women: Discussions of Antisuffragism in Late 19th century Cookbooks”

 Rachel Nolan (University of Manchester): “‘The Anti on the Cartwheel’: Charlotte Perkins
Gilman’s War against Antifeminism, Then and Now”


PANEL 2

Anti-Second Feminist Wave Rhetoric: Focus on Two Conservative Voices

Friday April 2, 2021

2.30-3.30 P.M Paris time

Chair: Marc Calvini-Lebèbvre

Amélie Ribieras (Université Sorbonne-Nouvelle): “Resisting Feminism through Discourse : a Framing Analysis of Phyllis Schafly’s Rhetoric”

Blandine Chelini-Pont (Aix-Marseille Université): “Midge Decter ‘s Iconoclastic Critique of the Women’s Movement” 

 

PANEL 3

Contemporary Forms of Resistance to Feminism

Friday April 2, 2021

4.00-5.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Claire Sorin

Delphine Beaujeon (Université de Lorraine): “Using Women’s Voices to Reframe the Anti-
abortion Discourse: Unplanned and Abby Johnson as the New Pro-life Weapons of the Anti-
Abortion Movement”

Marion Douzou (Université Lyon 2): “The Julia Learns Children Series and #1972 : a Case
Study of Antifeminism in the Tea Party Galaxy”

5.30-6.30 P.M Paris time

Eleonore Cartellier (Université Grenoble-Alpes): “The Internet Missionaries: a Study of Women’s Anti-feminist Discourse on-line”

Fatma Ramdani (Université de Lille): “Fighting Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights:
Trumpism at Work at the United Nations”

 

PANEL 4

Intersectional and Theoretical Perspectives

Saturday April 3, 2021

4.30-6.00 P.M Paris time

Chair: Nicolas Boileau

 

Méline Kasparian (Université Bordeaux Montaigne) : “A Kitchen of their Own : Alternatives to Mainstream Feminism in Contemporary Chicana Writings”

Cécile Coquet-Mokoko (Université Versailles-St Quentin) “Black Feminism and White Feminism: an Impossible Dialog?”

 

Jill Drouillard (East Tennessee University): “Gender Critical Feminism as a Form of
Resistance to Feminism”



 

 

Sites of Feminist Memory: Second Call For Papers

Sites of Feminist Memory: Remembering suffrage in Europe and the United States of America

A slow international e-conference

Dates: 7-11 June 2021

Keynote speaker:

Dr Sharon Crozier-de Rosa (University of Wollongong), co-author of Remembering Women’s Activism, Routledge, 2019.

A new format

This conference was originally due to take place on 12 and 13 May 2020 in Aix-en-Provence, France. It was to bring together colleagues from Europe, the USA and Australia. As a result of the COVID pandemic, it has had to be both postponed by a year and moved online. Though we deeply regret not being able to meet with our colleagues in person, we see this migration online as an opportunity to try something new: a “slow” conference.

The original format was a traditional “fast” conference involving a tight schedule of back-to-back panels separated by brief (if invigorating!) coffee and lunch breaks, packed into an intense 48 hours. Replicating such a format online strikes us as simultaneously unfair to colleagues who are not in France’s time-zone and unattractive to… well, anyone, really: who wants to listen (assuming no one’s audio or video connection collapses in the middle of their talk) to back-to-back panels for 48 hours, even if in the comfort of their own homes/offices, without the attraction of invigorating coffee and lunch breaks in which to socialise and debate with other attendees?

Thus, rather than have a downgraded online version of an original “fast” conference, we propose to slow things down. Our conference, which will take place on a website open to participants only, will have three phases.

In phase one, ​participants ​will have until May 10th 2021 to send us their pre-recorded twenty-minute presentations and accompanying Powerpoint (or equivalent) slides. (Though our website can store video recordings, we would rather participants privileged audio recordings).

In phase two, participants will have one month, between the 10th of May and the 7th of June, to browse through the keynote address, panels and papers and post their questions for speakers on dedicated forums.

In phase three, which will take place from 7 to 11 June, we will hold no more than one panel “live” on Zoom each day: authors will answer the questions posted on the forums as well as subsequent questions posed by participants. We hope that the result will be a number of slow-moving but deep conversations developing over the course of the conference both within the confines of each panel and across them.

These panel discussions will be book-ended by two  events, one to introduce conference goers to one another, the other to both sum up the discussions we will have had and to explore the possibilities of setting up a joint research project together.

Our first call for papers yielded particularly stimulating proposals involving literal sites of suffrage memory in Britain, the USA and France, discussions of the memorialisation of suffrage and suffragists in Turkey and Italy, and reflections on the effects for feminist history, theory and memory of memorial practices such as walking tours and digitisation.

We believe the changed format for our conference might entice other scholars to join us. Hence this second call for papers, the long version of which can be found below.

If you wish to submit a proposal, please send a 300 word abstract in English to Marc Calvini-Lefebvre (marc.calvini-lefebvre@univ-amu.fr) and Claire Sorin (claire.sorin@univ-amu.fr) by 08 February 2021.

Notification of acceptance will be given by 15 February 2021.

Please note that the language of the conference is English but papers in French can be submitted so long as they are accompanied by an English summary.

This conference is organised by the Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherche sur le Monde Anglophone (LERMA) of Aix-Marseille Université and supported by the Aix-Marseille Initiative d’Excellence (A*MIDEX)

Call for Papers

On April 24th 2018, suffragist leader Millicent Garrett Fawcett became the first woman to be honoured with a permanent statue in Parliament Square, one hundred and eighty six years after George Canning, the first of her 11 male predecessors[1]. The unveiling was the culmination of a two-year campaign initiated by activist Caroline Criado Perez. The choice of Fawcett sparked vigorous debate amongst activists and academics alike[2]. Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, the coming centenary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment has inspired #Monumental Women, a grassroots organization, to mount a campaign for the commissioning of a statue honouring the suffrage leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. This campaign also triggered vigorous accusations that the monument would “white wash” the suffrage past, accusations which resulted in the decision to add the African-American leader Sojourner Truth to the monument[3]. It was unveiled on August 26, 2020 in Central Park, New York. Like Fawcett’s, it is the first statue of its kind in this most prestigious of public spaces.

These spectacular enshrinements of leading suffrage campaigners in such quintessential sites of national memory can be read as a form of apotheosis for a process begun by the suffrage campaigners themselves to inscribe the suffrage past into our built environments via statues and street names, commemorative plaques and memorial monuments, community cafés and communal libraries[4]. Building on the very recent work of Vera Mackie and Sharon Crozier-de Rosa[5], interrogating the history and effects of that process of creation of literal ”Sites of Feminist Memory”[6], across Europe and the United States, in local, national and transnational settings, will be a central ambition of this conference. We thus invite papers which focus on such literal sites of feminist memory in Europe and the United States and fruitfully engage with the following themes:

  • Where and why have literal sites of feminist memory appeared?
  • What is their relation to surrounding “lieux de mémoires”[7]and to “national” collective memory?
  • Does the creation of these sites borrow from existing traditions of site-creation or is there anything distinctly “feminist” about this process?
  • Are there only “national” or “local” sites of feminist memory or can transnational sites be identified?
  • What effects on collective understandings of “feminism” and the “feminist” past do these sites have, if any?
  • What consequences did/do they have on feminists’ collective memory?
  • How did they shape feminist identities at the time of their creation?
  • How do they shape them now, if at all?
  • What affects are associated with these sites?
  • How stable are the meanings attached to these sites over time?

The other ambition of this conference will be to ponder the more general question of the place of the suffrage past in what Maria Grever has called the ”Pantheon of Feminist Culture”[8]. She meant by this a loose and evolving collection of ”sites of memory” in the sense of Pierre Nora, that is a set of ”leaders, historical events, monuments, rituals, symbols, images, founding texts and historiography”[9] which become iconic and are drawn on by feminists to justify their struggles and identities to themselves, to each other and to their enemies[10]. As the controversies surrounding the statues in London and New York have highlighted, the suffrage past’s place in that Pantheon is hotly contested. Here, we welcome papers which focus on specific suffrage leaders, events, texts, symbols, and images as contested “sites of feminist memory” in Europe and the United States and which explore some of the following themes:

  • How have these sites of feminist memory emerged?
  • What has been at stake in their memorialisation?
  • How has historical research contributed to or undermined memorial narratives about these sites?
  • Has the place of these sites in the Pantheon of Feminist Culture remained constant or ebbed and flowed? Why? And with what effect, if any, on public memory of the suffrage campaigns?
  • Can transnational sites be identified? Or are these inescapably national?
  • What affects are associated with these sites and their contestation?

It is envisaged that the conference will result in a publication and the constitution of a research network with a view to bidding for international, particularly European, funding.

[1] A statue commemorating the suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was erected in 1930 in Victoria Tower Gardens which run alongside the Houses of Parliament but do not face them as does Parliament Square.

[2] e.g. Rachel Holmes, ”A new feminist statue is a great idea. Shame they picked the wrong feminist”, The Guardian, April 14, 2017

[3] Martha Jones, “How New York’s new monument whitewashes the women’s rights movement,” The Washington Post, March 22, 2019

[4] Hilda Kean, ‘Searching for the Past in Present Defeat:The Construction of Historical and Political Identity in British Feminism in the 1920s and 1930s’, Women’s History Review 3, no. 1 (1994): 57–80; Hilda Kean, ‘Public History and Popular Memory: Issues in the Commemoration of the British Militant Suffrage Campaign’, Women’s History Review 14, no. 3 & 4 (2005): 581–602; Laura E. Nym Mayhall, ‘Creating the “Suffragette Spirit”: British Feminism and the Historical Imagination’, Women’s History Review 4, no. 3 (1995): 319–44.

[5] Sharon Crozier-De Rosa, Remembering Women’s Activism (London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019), especially chapter 1.

[6] Maria Grever, ‘Rivals in Historical Remembrance: Wollstonecraft and Holy Women as “Loci” of Feminist Memory’, The European Journal of Women’s Studies 3 (1996): 101–13.

[7] Pierre Nora, ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire’, Representations, no. 26 (1989): 7–24, https://doi.org/10.2307/2928520.

[8] Maria Grever, ‘The Pantheon of Feminist Culture: Women’s Movements and the Organization of Memory’, Gender & History 9, no. 2 (August 1997).

[9] Ibid, p. 101

[10] Lisa Tetrault, Myth of Seneca Falls: Memory and the Women’s Suffrage Movement, 1848-1898 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014); Marc Calvini-Lefebvre, ‘The Great War in the History of British Feminism: Debates and Controversies, 1914 to the Present’, Revue Française de Civilisation Britannique [Online] XX, no. 1 (2015), https://doi.org/10.4000/rfcb.310.

Publication: Feminist woolf

Premier fruit du travail de notre équipe, le dossier “Feminist Woolf: New Perspectives on Woolf’s Resistance to Feminism” dirigé par Nicolas Boileau vient de paraître dans la revue  Études britanniques contemporaines, 58, avril 2020.

Ce dossier découle de la journée d’études que nous avions consacré à cette question le 23/09/2017 (https://wfw.hypotheses.org/91)

Il comprend des articles de Valérie FABVRE (Université de Lyon 2), Marie ALLEGRE (University of Birmingham, UK), Claire DAVISON (Université Paris 3) et Nicolas BOILEAU (AMU).

Vous pourrez le découvrir en suivant ce lien: https://journals.openedition.org/ebc/

Bonne lecture à tou.te.s!

Revised Program – Women’s REsistance to fEminism(s) in the USA, 19th-21st Centuries (3-4 April 2020)

Salle du conseil D317, Bâtiment EGGER.

Friday April 3 2020/Vendredi 3 avril 2020

9h00 : Welcome and Coffee/Ouverture de la journée

Early Career Research Session/Session jeune recherche

Chair: Marc Calvini-Lefebvre

9h30-10h30

Amélie Ribieras (Université Sorbonne-Nouvelle): “Resisting Feminism through Discourse : a
Framing Analysis of Phyllis Schafly’s Rhetoric”
Delphine Beaujon (Université de Lorraine): “Using Women’s Voices to Reframe the Anti-
abortion Discourse: Unplanned and Abby Johnson as the New Pro-life Weapons of the Anti-
Abortion Movement”

Coffee Break/Pause-café

10h45-11h45

Méline Kasparian (ENS Lyon) : “A Kitchen of their Own : Alternatives to Mainstream
Feminism in Contemporary Chicana Writings”
Mariya Nikolova (Potsdam University): “The Limits of Risk in Kathy Acker’s Kathy Goes to
Haiti” 

12h-14h00: Lunch/Déjeuner

14h00-15h30

– Keynote/Conférence: Ronnee Schreiber (San Diego State University)

15h30-15h45: Coffee Break/ Pause-café

Contemporary Forms of Resistance to Feminism

Chair: Nicolas Boileau

15h45-17h15

-Marion Douzou (Université Lyon 2): “The Julia Learns Children Series and #1972 : a Case
Study of Antifeminism in the Tea Party Galaxy”
-Fatma Ramdani (Université de Lille): “Fighting Women’s Reproductive Health and Rights:
Trumpism at Work at the United Nations”

-Eleonore Cartellier (Université Grenoble-Alpes): “21st-Century anti Feminists”

Salle Colloque 1, Bâtiment Multimedia, T1

Saturday April 4 2020/Samedi 4 avril 2020

Antisuffragism and Antifeminism

Chair: Claire Sorin

9h30-10h30

– Rachel Nolan (University of Manchester): “‘The Anti on the Cartwheel’: Charlotte Perkins
Gilman’s War against Antifeminism, Then and Now”
– Katharina Vester (American University, Washington D.C): “An Appeal to American
Women: Discussions of Antisuffragism in Late 19th century Cookbooks”

Coffee break/Pause-café

Intersectional perspectives 

Chairs: Claire Sorin and Marc Calvini-Lefèbvre

10h45-12h15

-Blandine Chelini-Pont (Aix-Marseille Université): “Midge Decter’s Denunciation of Feminism” ‘

-Jill Drouillard (East Tennessee University): “Gender Critical Feminism as a Form of
Resistance to Feminism”
-Cécile Coquet-Mokoko (Université Versailles-St Quentin) “Black Feminism and White Feminism: an Impossible Dialog?”

EXTENDED DEADLINE – Sites of feminist memory (12-13 MAy 2020)

Sites of Feminist Memory:

Remembering suffrage in Europe and the United States of America

Conference dates: 12-13 May 2020

 

Keynote speaker:

Dr Sharon Crozier-de Rosa (University of Wollongong), co-author of Remembering Women’s Activism, Routledge, 2019.

 

On April 24th 2018, suffragist leader Millicent Garrett Fawcett became the first woman to be honoured with a permanent statue in Parliament Square, one hundred and eighty six years after George Canning, the first of her 11 male predecessors[1]. The unveiling was the culmination of a two-year campaign initiated by activist Caroline Criado Perez. The choice of Fawcett sparked vigorous debate amongst activists and academics alike[2]. Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, the coming centenary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment has inspired #Monumental Women, a grassroots organization, to mount a campaign for the commissioning of a statue honouring the suffrage leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. This campaign also triggered vigorous accusations that the monument would “white wash” the suffrage past, accusations which resulted in the decision to add the African-American leader Sojourner Truth to the monument[3]. Its unveiling is planned for August 26, 2020 in Central Park, New York. Like Fawcett’s, it will be the first statue of its kind in this most prestigious of public spaces.

These spectacular enshrinements of leading suffrage campaigners in such quintessential sites of national memory can be read as a form of apotheosis for a process begun by the suffrage campaigners themselves to inscribe the suffrage past into our built environments via statues and street names, commemorative plaques and memorial monuments, community cafés and communal libraries[4]. Building on the very recent work of Vera Mackie and Sharon Crozier-de Rosa[5], interrogating the history and effects of that process of creation of literal ”Sites of Feminist Memory”[6], across Europe and the United States, in local, national and transnational settings, will be a central ambition of this conference. We thus invite papers which focus on such literal sites of feminist memory in Europe and the United States and fruitfully engage with the following themes:

  • Where and why have literal sites of feminist memory appeared?
  • What is their relation to surrounding “lieux de mémoires”[7]and to “national” collective memory?
  • Does the creation of these sites borrow from existing traditions of site-creation or is there anything distinctly “feminist” about this process?
  • Are there only “national” or “local” sites of feminist memory or can transnational sites be identified?
  • What effects on collective understandings of “feminism” and the “feminist” past do these sites have, if any?
  • What consequences did/do they have on feminists’ collective memory?
  • How did they shape feminist identities at the time of their creation?
  • How do they shape them now, if at all?
  • What affects are associated with these sites?
  • How stable are the meanings attached to these sites over time?

The other ambition of this conference will be to ponder the more general question of the place of the suffrage past in what Maria Grever has called the ”Pantheon of Feminist Culture”[8]. She meant by this a loose and evolving collection of ”sites of memory” in the sense of Pierre Nora, that is a set of ”leaders, historical events, monuments, rituals, symbols, images, founding texts and historiography”[9] which become iconic and are drawn on by feminists to justify their struggles and identities to themselves, to each other and to their enemies[10]. As the controversies surrounding the statues in London and New York have highlighted, the suffrage past’s place in that Pantheon is hotly contested. Here, we welcome papers which focus on specific suffrage leaders, events, texts, symbols, and images as contested ”sites of feminist memory” in Europe and the United States and which explore some of the following themes:

  • How have these sites of feminist memory emerged?
  • What has been at stake in their memorialisation?
  • How has historical research contributed to or undermined memorial narratives about these sites?
  • Has the place of these sites in the Pantheon of Feminist Culture remained constant or ebbed and flowed? And why?
  • Can transnational sites be identified? Or are these inescapably national?
  • What affects are associated with these sites and their contestation?

It is envisaged that the conference will result in a publication and the constitution of a research network with a view to bidding for international, particularly European, funding.

Please send a 300 word abstract in English to Marc Calvini-Lefebvre (marc.calvini-lefebvre@univ-amu.fr) and Claire Sorin (claire.sorin@univ-amu.fr) by 20 MARCH  2020.

Papers exploring the memory of the suffrage movement on the European continent are particularly encouraged

Notification of acceptance will be given by 25 March 2020.

This conference is organised by the Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherche sur le Monde Anglophone (LERMA) of Aix-Marseille Université and supported by the Aix-Marseille Initiative d’Excellence (A*MIDEX)

[1] A statue commemorating the suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was erected in 1930 in Victoria Tower Gardens which run alongside the Houses of Parliament but do not face them as does Parliament Square.

[2] e.g. Rachel Holmes, ”A new feminist statue is a great idea. Shame they picked the wrong feminist”, The Guardian, April 14, 2017

[3] Martha Jones, “How New York’s new monument whitewashes the women’s rights movement,” The Washington Post, March 22, 2019

[4] Hilda Kean, ‘Searching for the Past in Present Defeat:The Construction of Historical and Political Identity in British Feminism in the 1920s and 1930s’, Women’s History Review 3, no. 1 (1994): 57–80; Hilda Kean, ‘Public History and Popular Memory: Issues in the Commemoration of the British Militant Suffrage Campaign’, Women’s History Review 14, no. 3 & 4 (2005): 581–602; Laura E. Nym Mayhall, ‘Creating the “Suffragette Spirit”: British Feminism and the Historical Imagination’, Women’s History Review 4, no. 3 (1995): 319–44.

[5] Sharon Crozier-De Rosa, Remembering Women’s Activism (London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019), especially chapter 1.

[6] Maria Grever, ‘Rivals in Historical Remembrance: Wollstonecraft and Holy Women as “Loci” of Feminist Memory’, The European Journal of Women’s Studies 3 (1996): 101–13.

[7] Pierre Nora, ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire’, Representations, no. 26 (1989): 7–24, https://doi.org/10.2307/2928520.

[8] Maria Grever, ‘The Pantheon of Feminist Culture: Women’s Movements and the Organization of Memory’, Gender & History 9, no. 2 (August 1997).

[9] Ibid, p. 101

[10] Lisa Tetrault, Myth of Seneca Falls: Memory and the Women’s Suffrage Movement, 1848-1898 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014); Marc Calvini-Lefebvre, ‘The Great War in the History of British Feminism: Debates and Controversies, 1914 to the Present’, Revue Française de Civilisation Britannique [Online] XX, no. 1 (2015), https://doi.org/10.4000/rfcb.310.

Tracing the spectres of feminism in women's lives, public spaces and scholarly discourses in the English-speaking world (and beyond)