Working Bibliography on women’s resistance to feminism

Many thanks to our intern, Morgane Julia, for compiling this working bibliography. We hope you will find it as useful as we do. Should you see anything missing, please write to and we will gladly add an entry!


History: UK

Bush, Julia. ‘British Women’s Anti-Suffragism and the Forward Policy, 1908-14’. Women’s History Review, vol. 11, no. 3, Sept. 2002.

Bush, Julia. ‘Caroline Stephen’s Opposition to British Women’s Suffrage’. Quaker Studies 15/1. 2010.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon. ‘Marie Corelli’s British New Woman: A Threat to Empire?’ The History of the Family, vol. 14, no. 4, Oct. 2009.

Crozier-De-Rosa, Sharon. ‘Shame and the Anti-Suffragist in Britain and Ireland: Drawing Women Back into the Fold?’ Australian Journal of Politics & History, vol. 60, no. 3, Sept. 2014.

Crozier-De-Rosa, Sharon. Shame and the Antifeminist Backlash: Britain, Ireland and Australia, 1890-1920. Routledge Research in Gender History. 2017.

Crozier-De-Rosa, Sharon. ‘Shame, Marie Corelli, and the “New Woman” in Fin-de-Siecle Britain’ University of Wollongong Research Online. 2014.

Delap, Lucy. ‘Feminist and Anti-Feminist Encounters in Edwardian Britain’. Historical Research, vol. 78, no. 201, Aug. 2005.

Delap, Lucy & Valerie Sanders.Victorian and Edwardian Antifeminism,Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York : Routledge ; Tokyo : Edition Synapse, 2010.

Faraut, Martine. ‘Women Resisting the Vote: A Case of Anti Feminism?’ Women’s History Review, vol. 12, no. 4, Dec. 2003.

Harrison, Brian. Separate Spheres: The Opposition to Women’s Suffrage in Britain. Croom Helm, Limited, 1978.

Joannou, Maroula. ‘Mary Augusta Ward (Mrs Humphry) and the Opposition to Women’s Suffrage’. Women’s History Review, vol. 14, no. 3&4, 2005.

History: USA

Benjamin, A. M. A History of the Anti-Suffrage Movement in the United States from 1895 to 1920. Women against Equality. 1992.

Critchlow, Donald T., Phyllis Schlafly and Grassroots Conservatism: A Woman’s Crusade. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Easton-Flake, Amy. ‘Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Multifaceted Response to the Nineteenth-Century Woman Question’. The New England Quarterly, vol. 86, no. 1, 2013.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Defeating the ERA. A Right-Wing Mobilization of Women. 1982.

Gillespie McRae, Elizabeth. Mothers of Massive Resistance: White Women and the Politics of White Supremacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Howard, Angela et Tarrant, Sasha (dir.). Antifeminism in America: a Reader (1848 to Present). NY: Garland, 2000.

Howard, Jeanne. ‘Our Own Worst Enemies: Women Opposed to Woman Suffrage’. The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 9 : Iss. 3 , Article 9. 1982.

Jablonsky Thomas. The Home, Heaven and Mother Party: Female anti suffragists in the US 1868-1920. NY: Carlson pub, 1994.

Marshall, Susan E.  ‘Keep Us On the Pedestal. Women Against Feminism in Twentieth-Century America’ in Women: A Feminist Perspective, edited by Jo Freeman. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield, 1984.

Marshall, Susan E. ‘In Defense of Separate Spheres: Class and Status Politics in the Antisuffrage Movement’. Social Forces, vol. 65, no. 2, Dec. 1986.

Marshall, Susan E. ‘Ladies against Women: Mobilization Dilemmas of Antifeminist Movements’.Social Problems 32, 4 (April 1985).

Marshall, Susan E.Who Speaks for American Women. The Future of Antifeminism’. ANNALS, AAPSS, 515. May 1991.

Marshall, Susan E. Splintered Sisterhood: Gender and Class in the Campaign against Woman Suffrage, Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin, 1997.

Nielsen, Kim E. Un-American womanhood : antiradicalism, antifeminism, and the first Red Scare. Columbus : Ohio State University Press, 2009.

Schreiber, Ronnee. ‘Anti-Feminist, Pro-Life, and Anti-ERA Women’ in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Women’s Social Movement Activism. Oxford University Press. 2017.


Gisela Argyle. ‘Mrs. Humphry Ward’s Fictional Experiments in the Woman Question’. Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, vol. 43, no. 4 (Autumn 2003).

Sanders, Valerie. Eve’s Renegades. Victorian Anti-Feminist Women Novelists. Palgrave Mcmillan. 1996.

Toril Moi. ‘“I Am Not a Feminist, but…”: How Feminism Became the F-Word’. PMLA, vol. 121, no. 5, 2006.

Wagner, Tamara S. Antifeminism and the Victorian Novel. Rereading Nineteenth Century Women Writers.Cambia Press. 2009.

Political Studies

Celis, Karen, and Sarah Childs. ‘Conservatism and Women’s Political Representation’. Politics & Gender, vol. 14, 2018.

Dworkin, Andrea. Right-Wing Women. Perigee Books, 1983.


Dottolo, Andrea L. ‘“I’m Not a Feminist, But…”: Introducing Feminism in Psychology of Women Courses’. Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 4, Dec. 2011.

Faniko, Klea, editor. Gender and Social Hierarchies: Perspectives from Social Psychology. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.

Griffin, Christine. ‘VII. “The Young Women Are Having a Great Time”: Representations of Young Women and Feminism’. Feminism & Psychology, vol. 11, no. 2, May 2001.

Yeung, Amy W. Y., et al. ‘Anti-Feminist Backlash: The Role of System Justification in the Rejection of Feminism’. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, vol. 17, no. 4, July 2014.

Zucker, Alyssa N. ‘Disavowing Social Identities: What It Means When Women Say, “I’m Not a Feminist, But …”’. Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol. 28, no. 4, Dec. 2004.


Chafetz, Janet Saltzman, and Anthony Gary Dworkin. ‘In the Face of Threat: Organized Antifeminism in Comparative Perspective’. Gender and Society, vol. 1, no. 1, 1987.

Gonick, Marnina. ‘Between Girl Power and Reviving Ophelia: Constituting the Neoliberal Girl Subject’. NWSA Journal, vol. 18, no. 2, 2006.

Scharff, Christina. Repudiating Feminism: Young Women in a Neoliberal World. Routledge. 2016.

Steuter, Erin. ‘Women against Feminism: An Examination of Feminist Social Movements and Anti-Feminist Countermovements’. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie, vol. 29, no. 3, Aug. 1992.

Webber, Michelle. ‘“Don’t Be so Feminist”: Exploring Student Resistance to Feminist Approaches in a Canadian University’. Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 28, no. 2–3, May 2005.

Tracing the spectres of feminism in women's lives, public spaces and scholarly discourses in the English-speaking world (and beyond)